Samuel Barnett, b. abt. 1783, South Carolina, d. after 1860, Texas

Samuel Barnett (James 1) was born about 1783-1784 in South Carolina and died after 1860 probably in Collin Co., Texas.[1]

Samuel appeared as head of household in Caldwell Co., Kentucky in 1810 and 1820.[2] Living in western Kentucky, Samuel probably experienced the chaos and destruction of the New Madrid earthquakes in 1811-1812. He may have served in the War of 1812; there is a Samuel Barnett who served in Capt. John C. Dodds’ Company, 14th Regiment, detached militia.[3] In 1815 he submitted a land claim for 400 acres of vacant land in Caldwell County on the waters of the Tennessee River and adjoining the lands of Levi Davis.[4] In 1819 he was ordered to view and mark out a road, along with Levi Davis, Richard Swor, Beamon Fowler and James Barnett, from Osburn’s ferry on the Cumberland River to Pentecost’s ferry on the Tennessee River.[5] In 1824 Samuel sold to Broady Howard 93 acres of land in Caldwell County for $100 and in 1825 he was named in a lawsuit against the heirs of James Barnett.[6]

About this time Samuel and his family left Kentucky and moved to Hardeman Co., Tennessee. He appears as head of household in the 1830 U.S. census in Hardeman County and he paid taxes there from 1826 through 1833.[7] He paid only a poll tax so he apparently did not own property while he lived there. In 1833 Samuel and his family probably experienced one of the largest meteor showers ever seen; eyewitnesses described it as the sky being on fire and many people feared it was the end of the world. By 1840 Samuel had again moved south and he appears as head of household in the 1840 U.S. census in Marshall Co., Mississippi.[8]

By 1850 the family had again moved on and had now settled in Texas. Samuel appears as head of household in the 1850 U.S. census in Limestone Co., Texas and in the 1860 U.S. census in Collin Co., Texas.[9] In 1851 Samuel Barnett paid taxes on one negro valued at $700 and he also appeared in the 1850 Slave Schedule as having one 11-year-old male slave.[10] In 1860 Samuel was 77 years old and he was not found in the 1870 U.S. census, so he probably died between 1860 and 1870 in Collin County.

Samuel married Sarah Goheen or Gheen, daughter of James Goheen, Jr. and Mary Pinkston, on 19 May 1810 in Caldwell Co., Kentucky.[11] Sarah was born about 1790 in North Carolina and died after 1860 probably in Collin Co., Texas.[12] 

Sarah appeared by name in both the 1850 and 1860 U.S. censuses[13] and she is probably the adult female who appears in the Samuel Barnett households in 1810 through 1840.[14]

Samuel and Sarah (Goheen) Barnett were the parents of nine children:

  1. Hiram J. Barnett, b. about 1811, d. after 1860
  2. James J. Barnett, b. 1812, d. 1880
  3. John W. Barnett, b. about 1814
  4. Francis Austin Barnett, b. 1816, d. 1884
  5. George Washington Barnett, b. 1819, d. 1882
  6. Nancy Selina Barnett, b. about 1825, d. before 1879
  7. Evaline Barnett, b. about 1826, d. about 1875/1876
  8. Malinda E. Barnett, b. about 1829, d. 1866
  9. Susan E. Barnett, b. 1833, d. 1919

[1] 1860 U.S. Census (Digital image. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Collin County, Texas, populatio n schedules, Highland Post Office, page 44 stamped (151 wri tten), dwelling 944, family 997; NARA M653, roll 1291; acce ssed 18 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com.

[2] Kentucky, Caldwell, 1810 U.S. census, Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), M252, roll 9, p. 5 stamped (381 written), line 5, Saml Barn ett, accessed 24 Jul 2008 and U.S. Government, 1820 U.S. Census, Saml Barnett household, Caldwell County, Kentucky, populati on schedule, Darnell’s Parish, p. 50, line 26; NARA M33, ro ll 19; accessed 24 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com.

[3] War of 1812 Muster Rolls, photocopies of military files

[4] Kentucky, Probate Records, 1792-1977, Order Books, 1809-1815, vol. B1, p. 427-428, October 1815, Saml Barnett land claim; digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 24 Apr 2015).

[5] Happy Greer, Extracts Caldwell Co., KY, Court Order Bk. A, 1819 (N.p.: US GenWeb Archives, n.d.), Samuel Barnett road order. Cit. Date: 24 Apr 2015.

[6] William P. Oliver, “Selected Caldwell County Deed Abstracts – 1815 – 1853,” database, USGenWeb Archives  (http://files.usgwarchives.net/ky/caldwell/deeds/deeds-001.txt : 6 Mar 2009), accessed 6 Mar 2009), entry for Samuel Barnett to Broady Ho ward; citing Caldwell Co. Deedbook K, p. 342 and William P. Oliver, “Selected Caldwell County Deed Abstracts – 1815 – 1853,” database, USGenWeb Archives  (http://files.usgwarchives.net/ky/caldwell/deeds/deeds-001.txt : 6 Mar 2009), accessed 6 Mar 2009), entry for suit of Jeremiah Rucker aga inst the heirs of James Barnett; citing Caldwell Co. Deedbo ok D, p. 389 – 390.

[7] 1830 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Hardeman County, Tennessee, pag e 385, line 6; NARA micropublication M19, roll 176; accesse d 15 Nov 2007 online at http://ancestry.com.  Cit. Date: 15 Nov 2007 and Hardeman County, Tennessee, Trustee Tax Book 1824 – 1880 (Nashville, Tennessee : State Library and Archives, 1975), 1826, 1828, 1829, 1830, and 1833 Taxable Polls and Property, Tax books 1824-1854 – FH L US/CAN Film [ 989359 ]

[8] 1840 U.S. Census (Digital Images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Marshall County, Mississippi, population schedule, Northern Division, page 8, line 26, Saml. Barnett household; citing NARA micropublication M704, roll 218; accessed 20 Jul 2011

[9] 1850 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Saml. Barnet household, Limestone County, Texas, populatio n schedule, Precinct No. 5 (or 3), p. 364, dwelling 139, fa mily 139; NARA M432, roll 912; accessed 18 Jul 2008 onlin e at http://ancestry.com and 1860 U.S. Census (Digital image. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Collin County, Texas, populatio n schedules, Highland Post Office, page 44 stamped (151 wri tten), dwelling 944, family 997; NARA M653, roll 1291; acce ssed 18 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com.

[10] 1850 U.S. Census Slave Schedule (digital images online at ancestry.com), Limestone County, Texas, page 89, column 2, line 35, Samue l Barnett entry; citing NARA micropublication M432; accesse d 12 Oct 2010 online at http://ancestry.com and “Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910,” database and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 24 Apr 2015); Collin County, 1851, p. A, Samuel Barnett entry.

[11] Kentucky. Caldwell County, Marriage Records, 1808 – 1968. Caldwell Co., KY, A, Barnett-Gehen; FHL microfilm 546,371.

[12] 1860 U.S. Census (Digital image. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Collin County, Texas, populatio n schedules, Highland Post Office, page 44 stamped (151 wri tten), dwelling 944, family 997; NARA M653, roll 1291; acce ssed 18 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com

[13] 1850 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Saml. Barnet household, Limestone County, Texas, populatio n schedule, Precinct No. 5 (or 3), p. 364, dwelling 139, fa mily 139; NARA M432, roll 912; accessed 18 Jul 2008 onlin e at http://ancestry.com and 1860 U.S. Census (Digital image. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Collin County, Texas, populatio n schedules, Highland Post Office, page 44 stamped (151 wri tten), dwelling 944, family 997; NARA M653, roll 1291; acce ssed 18 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com.

[14] Kentucky, Caldwell, 1810 U.S. census, Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), M252, roll 9, p. 5 stamped (381 written), line 5, Saml Barn ett, accessed 24 Jul 2008; U.S. Government, 1820 U.S. Census, Saml Barnett household, Caldwell County, Kentucky, populati on schedule, Darnell’s Parish, p. 50, line 26; NARA M33, ro ll 19; accessed 24 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com; 1830 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Hardeman County, Tennessee, pag e 385, line 6; NARA micropublication M19, roll 176; accesse d 15 Nov 2007 online at http://ancestry.com and 1840 U.S. Census (Digital Images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Marshall County, Mississippi, population schedule, Northern Division, page 8, line 26, Saml. Barnett household; citing NARA micropublication M704, roll 218; accessed 20 Jul 2011.

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James Barnett of Caldwell Co., Kentucky

James Barnett died about 1816-1817 in Caldwell Co., Kentucky.

The origins of James Barnett are unclear. His children, with the possible exception of his youngest daughter, were all born in South Carolina. There is a theory that he was the same James Barnett who appears in the 1800 U.S. census in Lancaster Co., South Carolina.[1] Many of the early families who settled in this part of Kentucky migrated from the northern area of South Carolina, especially around Spartanburg.  So far no definite connection has been found with the Lancaster County Barnetts, but it is a good possibility. He first appears in what would become the Caldwell Co, Kentucky area around 1800 when he paid taxes for one white male in Livingston Co., Kentucky.[2] In 1801 he again paid taxes for one white male over 21 (presumably himself) and for one white male aged 16-21, probably a son who had recently come of age.[3] On 15 Sep 1803 he received a land grant in Livingston Co., Kentucky for 250 acres he had surveyed.[4] In 1809 Caldwell County was formed from Livingston County and James paid taxes on one white male, one horse and 100 acres in Livingston Co., Kentucky.[5] On 6 May 1811 in Caldwell County, James was exempt from paying taxes and working on roads, probably due to his advanced age and on 5 Oct 1812 the Caldwell County order book stated that James had been improperly charged a poll tax in 1811.[6] On 19 Feb 1816 in Caldwell County, James Barnett signed his will, which was proved in court at the January term of 1817, so he probably died in 1816 or early 1817.[7]

[1] Kyle Wear, “Proposed Ancestry and Extended Family of William Barnett,” The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research 36 (Summer 2008); digital images, FamilySearch (https://books.familysearch.org: accessed 13 Aug 2013) 123-138.

[2] Don Simmons, Livingston County, KY Tax Lists, 1800-1801-1802; PDF document, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: downloaded 28 Oct 2013), p.1.

[3] Don Simmons, Livingston County, KY Tax Lists, 1800-1801-1802; PDF document, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: downloaded 28 Oct 2013), p. 17.

[4] “Kentucky Land Grants, 1782-1924,” database, Ancestry (http://ancestry.com: accessed 12 May 2014), James Barnett entry; citing Jillson, Willard Rouse. The Kentucky Land Grants. Vol. I-II. Louisville, KY, USA: Filson Club Publications, 1925.

[5] Caldwell County, Kentucky Tax Lists, 1809-1811; PDF document, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: downloaded 24 Oct 2013), p. 1.

[6] Brenda Joyce Jerome, Caldwell County, Kentucky County Court Order Book A (N.p.: n.p., 2000), p. 43 and 66.

[7] Caldwell, Kentucky, Will Records, 1809-1834, James Barnett will (1816), v. A, p. 281-282; digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 18 Dec 2011).