James J. Barnett, b. 1812, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, d. 1880, Parker Co., Texas

James Johnson Barnett (Samuel 2, James 1) or “J.J. Barnett “was born on 16 May 1812 in Caldwell Co., Kentucky, died on 16 Sep 1880 in Hiner, Parker, Texas at age 68, and was buried in Ox Mill Cemetery in Parker County.[1]

In 1820 James was probably living in Caldwell Co., Kentucky with his father Samuel Barnett.[2] By 1830 the family had moved to Hardeman Co., Tennessee and James was probably one of the three males ages 15 – 19 listed in Samuel Barnett’s household.[3] James paid taxes in Hardeman Co., Tennessee beginning in 1834 and appeared in most years until 1850. He paid only a poll tax, suggesting that he had acquired no land.[4]

About 1849 James and his family moved to Freestone Co., Texas. In the 1850 census he was listed as head of household and a farmer in Limestone Co., Texas.[5] About 1857 J.J. Barnett and his family made their way to newly formed Parker Co., Texas which became their permanent home where they settled south of Weatherford in the Hiner area.  J.J. and his family appeared in Parker Co., Texas in the 1860 and 1870 census records.[6] They were not found in the 1880 census, but they were probably still in Parker County.

J.J. Barnett served in the CSA 9th Texas Field Battery during the Civil War. His unit served in the Trans-Mississippi West Theater of the war. They were involved in battles in Louisiana and along the Mississippi River. James’ service records show that he was hospitalized in Aug 1864 in the Shreveport, Louisiana hospital for a fever.[7] Later James encouraged settlement of the area and was known for helping newcomers with transportation and temporary housing. A family story recounts how James traveled to Eastern Tennessee after the war and organized and led local families to new opportunities in Texas. Some of those families became part of his family through the marriages of their children.[8]

James married Elizabeth Wylie (Willie), daughter of Matthew Wiley and Elizabeth Shields, on 27 Mar 1834 in Bolivar, Hardeman, Tennessee.[9] Elizabeth was born on 21 Apr 1813 in Kentucky, died on 9 Apr 1884 in Hiner, Parker, Texas at age 70, and was buried in Ox Mill Cemetery in Parker Co., Texas.[10]

James J. and Elizabeth (Wylie) Barnett were the parents of six children:

  1. John N. Barnett, b. 1836, d. 1927
  2. Sarah Jane Barnett, b. 1839, d. about 1869
  3. George Franklin Barnett, b. 1842, c. 1915
  4. James Madison Barnett, b. 1844, d. 1931
  5. Matilda Ann Barnett, b. 1847, d. 1872
  6. Matthew William Barnett, b. 1850, d. 1930

[1] Parker County, Texas Cemeteries (Weatherford, Texas: Parker County Genealogical Society, 1998), v. 1 Southern Half of the County, p. 36 “Barnett/Oxmill Cem etery.”

[2] U.S. Government, 1820 U.S. Census, Caldwell County, Kentucky, population schedule, Darnell’s P arish, p. 50, line 26, Saml Barnett household; citing NAR A micropublication M33, roll 19; accessed 24 Jul 2008.

[3] 1830 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Hardeman County, Tennessee, pag e 385, line 6; NARA micropublication M19, roll 176; accesse d 15 Nov 2007 online at http://ancestry.com.

[4] Hardeman County, Tennessee, Trustee Tax Book 1824 – 1880 (Nashville, Tennessee : State Library and Archives, 1975), 1834-1849 Taxable Polls and Property, Tax books 1824-1854 – FH L US/CAN Film [ 989359 ].

[5] 1850 U.S. Census, James Barnett household, Limestone County, Texas, populatio n schedule, Precinct 2, page 360 and 364, dwelling 71, fami ly 71; NARA micropublication M432, roll 912; accessed 31 Ma r 2007 online at http://www.ancestry.com

[6] 1860 U.S. Census, Parker County, Texas, population schedule, Beat 1, page 424 , dwelling 66, family 66, J. Barnet household;citing NARA m icropublication M653, roll 1302; accessed 21 Mar 2007 and 1870 U.S. Census, Parker County, Texas, population schedule, Precinct 4, For t North Tarrant post office, page 411, dwelling 773, famil y 773, Jas. Barnett household; citing NARA micropublicatio n M593, roll 1601; accessed 31 Mar 2007.

[7] U.S. Govt, Confederate Veterans Records, medical cards. photocopies in possession of compiler

[8] Jim Taylor, “Descendants of James Kelly,” Jim Taylor.

 

[9] Tennessee, State Marriages, 1780 – 2002. Digital images. (The Generations Network, Inc., Ancestry. http://ancestry : 2009.), Barnett-Willie marriage 1834

[10] Parker County, Texas Cemeteries (Weatherford, Texas: Parker County Genealogical Society, 1998), v. 1 Southern Half of the County, p. 36 “Barnett/Oxmill Cem etery.”

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Samuel Barnett, b. abt. 1783, South Carolina, d. after 1860, Texas

Samuel Barnett (James 1) was born about 1783-1784 in South Carolina and died after 1860 probably in Collin Co., Texas.[1]

Samuel appeared as head of household in Caldwell Co., Kentucky in 1810 and 1820.[2] Living in western Kentucky, Samuel probably experienced the chaos and destruction of the New Madrid earthquakes in 1811-1812. He may have served in the War of 1812; there is a Samuel Barnett who served in Capt. John C. Dodds’ Company, 14th Regiment, detached militia.[3] In 1815 he submitted a land claim for 400 acres of vacant land in Caldwell County on the waters of the Tennessee River and adjoining the lands of Levi Davis.[4] In 1819 he was ordered to view and mark out a road, along with Levi Davis, Richard Swor, Beamon Fowler and James Barnett, from Osburn’s ferry on the Cumberland River to Pentecost’s ferry on the Tennessee River.[5] In 1824 Samuel sold to Broady Howard 93 acres of land in Caldwell County for $100 and in 1825 he was named in a lawsuit against the heirs of James Barnett.[6]

About this time Samuel and his family left Kentucky and moved to Hardeman Co., Tennessee. He appears as head of household in the 1830 U.S. census in Hardeman County and he paid taxes there from 1826 through 1833.[7] He paid only a poll tax so he apparently did not own property while he lived there. In 1833 Samuel and his family probably experienced one of the largest meteor showers ever seen; eyewitnesses described it as the sky being on fire and many people feared it was the end of the world. By 1840 Samuel had again moved south and he appears as head of household in the 1840 U.S. census in Marshall Co., Mississippi.[8]

By 1850 the family had again moved on and had now settled in Texas. Samuel appears as head of household in the 1850 U.S. census in Limestone Co., Texas and in the 1860 U.S. census in Collin Co., Texas.[9] In 1851 Samuel Barnett paid taxes on one negro valued at $700 and he also appeared in the 1850 Slave Schedule as having one 11-year-old male slave.[10] In 1860 Samuel was 77 years old and he was not found in the 1870 U.S. census, so he probably died between 1860 and 1870 in Collin County.

Samuel married Sarah Goheen or Gheen, daughter of James Goheen, Jr. and Mary Pinkston, on 19 May 1810 in Caldwell Co., Kentucky.[11] Sarah was born about 1790 in North Carolina and died after 1860 probably in Collin Co., Texas.[12] 

Sarah appeared by name in both the 1850 and 1860 U.S. censuses[13] and she is probably the adult female who appears in the Samuel Barnett households in 1810 through 1840.[14]

Samuel and Sarah (Goheen) Barnett were the parents of nine children:

  1. Hiram J. Barnett, b. about 1811, d. after 1860
  2. James J. Barnett, b. 1812, d. 1880
  3. John W. Barnett, b. about 1814
  4. Francis Austin Barnett, b. 1816, d. 1884
  5. George Washington Barnett, b. 1819, d. 1882
  6. Nancy Selina Barnett, b. about 1825, d. before 1879
  7. Evaline Barnett, b. about 1826, d. about 1875/1876
  8. Malinda E. Barnett, b. about 1829, d. 1866
  9. Susan E. Barnett, b. 1833, d. 1919

[1] 1860 U.S. Census (Digital image. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Collin County, Texas, populatio n schedules, Highland Post Office, page 44 stamped (151 wri tten), dwelling 944, family 997; NARA M653, roll 1291; acce ssed 18 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com.

[2] Kentucky, Caldwell, 1810 U.S. census, Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), M252, roll 9, p. 5 stamped (381 written), line 5, Saml Barn ett, accessed 24 Jul 2008 and U.S. Government, 1820 U.S. Census, Saml Barnett household, Caldwell County, Kentucky, populati on schedule, Darnell’s Parish, p. 50, line 26; NARA M33, ro ll 19; accessed 24 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com.

[3] War of 1812 Muster Rolls, photocopies of military files

[4] Kentucky, Probate Records, 1792-1977, Order Books, 1809-1815, vol. B1, p. 427-428, October 1815, Saml Barnett land claim; digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 24 Apr 2015).

[5] Happy Greer, Extracts Caldwell Co., KY, Court Order Bk. A, 1819 (N.p.: US GenWeb Archives, n.d.), Samuel Barnett road order. Cit. Date: 24 Apr 2015.

[6] William P. Oliver, “Selected Caldwell County Deed Abstracts – 1815 – 1853,” database, USGenWeb Archives  (http://files.usgwarchives.net/ky/caldwell/deeds/deeds-001.txt : 6 Mar 2009), accessed 6 Mar 2009), entry for Samuel Barnett to Broady Ho ward; citing Caldwell Co. Deedbook K, p. 342 and William P. Oliver, “Selected Caldwell County Deed Abstracts – 1815 – 1853,” database, USGenWeb Archives  (http://files.usgwarchives.net/ky/caldwell/deeds/deeds-001.txt : 6 Mar 2009), accessed 6 Mar 2009), entry for suit of Jeremiah Rucker aga inst the heirs of James Barnett; citing Caldwell Co. Deedbo ok D, p. 389 – 390.

[7] 1830 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Hardeman County, Tennessee, pag e 385, line 6; NARA micropublication M19, roll 176; accesse d 15 Nov 2007 online at http://ancestry.com.  Cit. Date: 15 Nov 2007 and Hardeman County, Tennessee, Trustee Tax Book 1824 – 1880 (Nashville, Tennessee : State Library and Archives, 1975), 1826, 1828, 1829, 1830, and 1833 Taxable Polls and Property, Tax books 1824-1854 – FH L US/CAN Film [ 989359 ]

[8] 1840 U.S. Census (Digital Images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Marshall County, Mississippi, population schedule, Northern Division, page 8, line 26, Saml. Barnett household; citing NARA micropublication M704, roll 218; accessed 20 Jul 2011

[9] 1850 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Saml. Barnet household, Limestone County, Texas, populatio n schedule, Precinct No. 5 (or 3), p. 364, dwelling 139, fa mily 139; NARA M432, roll 912; accessed 18 Jul 2008 onlin e at http://ancestry.com and 1860 U.S. Census (Digital image. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Collin County, Texas, populatio n schedules, Highland Post Office, page 44 stamped (151 wri tten), dwelling 944, family 997; NARA M653, roll 1291; acce ssed 18 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com.

[10] 1850 U.S. Census Slave Schedule (digital images online at ancestry.com), Limestone County, Texas, page 89, column 2, line 35, Samue l Barnett entry; citing NARA micropublication M432; accesse d 12 Oct 2010 online at http://ancestry.com and “Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910,” database and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 24 Apr 2015); Collin County, 1851, p. A, Samuel Barnett entry.

[11] Kentucky. Caldwell County, Marriage Records, 1808 – 1968. Caldwell Co., KY, A, Barnett-Gehen; FHL microfilm 546,371.

[12] 1860 U.S. Census (Digital image. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Collin County, Texas, populatio n schedules, Highland Post Office, page 44 stamped (151 wri tten), dwelling 944, family 997; NARA M653, roll 1291; acce ssed 18 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com

[13] 1850 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Saml. Barnet household, Limestone County, Texas, populatio n schedule, Precinct No. 5 (or 3), p. 364, dwelling 139, fa mily 139; NARA M432, roll 912; accessed 18 Jul 2008 onlin e at http://ancestry.com and 1860 U.S. Census (Digital image. Ancestry (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Collin County, Texas, populatio n schedules, Highland Post Office, page 44 stamped (151 wri tten), dwelling 944, family 997; NARA M653, roll 1291; acce ssed 18 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com.

[14] Kentucky, Caldwell, 1810 U.S. census, Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), M252, roll 9, p. 5 stamped (381 written), line 5, Saml Barn ett, accessed 24 Jul 2008; U.S. Government, 1820 U.S. Census, Saml Barnett household, Caldwell County, Kentucky, populati on schedule, Darnell’s Parish, p. 50, line 26; NARA M33, ro ll 19; accessed 24 Jul 2008 online at http://ancestry.com; 1830 U.S. Census (Digital images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Samuel Barnett household, Hardeman County, Tennessee, pag e 385, line 6; NARA micropublication M19, roll 176; accesse d 15 Nov 2007 online at http://ancestry.com and 1840 U.S. Census (Digital Images. Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com)), Marshall County, Mississippi, population schedule, Northern Division, page 8, line 26, Saml. Barnett household; citing NARA micropublication M704, roll 218; accessed 20 Jul 2011.

Mixed Up Census Record

In the 1850 census James and Elizabeth Barnett are listed in Limestone County, Texas. They appear at the bottom of page 360. At the top of page 361 there are seven Longbottom family members listed ranging in age from 25 to 9. They appear to be in the same household as James and Elizabeth Barnett.

On the top of page 364, the children of James and Elizabeth Barnett are listed. They appear to be part of the Harden household which appears at the bottom of page 363.

At first glance it appears that the Barnett children were not living with their parents at this time. But another question arises: who are the Longbottoms and why are they living in the James Barnett household? A search for Longbottoms in the 1850 census in Limestone County, Texas found a Longbottom couple (ages 55 and 54)  at the bottom of page 358 – could they be the parents of the Longbottom children?

I think that somehow the census pages got mixed up before they were numbered and that the Barnett children were in reality living with their parents, not the Harden family.